To keep the connection open between and the southern settlements, Valdivia had a number of forts built.
Soon thereafter they continued south and in December 1540, eleven months after they left Cuzco, Valdivia and his expedition reached the valley of the Mapocho river, where they were able to establish the capital of the territory.
By the advice of the cacique Colocolo, the Araucanians united their efforts choosing as toqui (general-in-chief) the famous warrior Caupolicán.
For the next two years, there were men always saddled and armed, ready to fight in case the Indians posed a threat to Spanish authority.Secure now in his own domain, he pushed exploration southward and aided the development of the country by dividing the land among his ablest followers and parceling out conocer chicas trujillo peru the Indians in encomiendas.Mariño de Lobera, Pedro.Carta a sus apoderados en la corte (in Spanish).Dar relación de cómo pasé a estas partes de Indias, año de quinientos e treinta e cinco, y me hallé en el descubrimiento e conquista de Venezuela un año.At first, Valdivia was successful in his efforts to deal benevolently with the native population, but this peaceful coexistence did not last long.Historia de Todas las Cosas que han Acaecido en el Reino de Chile y de los que lo han gobernado (15361575).Nonetheless, early in 1548 Valdivia joined the royal army of, and his military experience counted heavily in the on April 9 of that year.He extended Spanish rule south to the in 1546, fought again in Peru (1546 48 and returned to Chile as governor in 1549.History of the Conquest of Peru.10 After arriving in Chile, Valdivia and his men went out of their way to restore the relationship between conquistador and Indian which had been greatly harmed by Almagro and his merciless ways.Viéndose con lengua les comenzó a hablar, diciéndoles que les sacaría los cristianos de el reino y despoblaría las ciudades y daría dos mill ovejas si le daban la vida.The city of, valdivia in Chile is named after him.
17 In exchange for being freed, and for his confirmation as Royal Governor, he agreed to relinquish her and to bring to Chile his wife, Marina Ortíz de Gaete, who only arrived after Valdivia's death in 1554.
While away, on September 11, 1541, local Indians led by Michimalonco attacked Santiago.
He moved against the Araucanians again in 1553 and built a fort at Tucapel.
He was ambushed before arriving to his destination and the would be Valdivia's last.In literature Valdivia was an educated man and wielded the pen as well as the sword.Proceso de Pedro de Valdivia (PDF) (in Spanish).He was ambushed before arriving to his destination and the Battle of Tucapel would be Valdivia's last.Valdivia was at Concepcion when he received notice of this event, and, believing that he could easily subdue the uprising, he hurried southward, sallying forth with only 40 men to stamp out the rebellion.Realizing that it would be impossible to proceed in such hostile territory with so limited a force, Valdivia wisely elected to return to Santiago shortly thereafter, after finding a site for a new city at what is now and would become the first site.23 According to an even later legend, Lautaro took Valdivia to the Mapuche camp and put him to death after three days of torture, extracting his beating heart and eating it with the Mapuche leaders.